December 10, 2002

X-TRAIL FCV Approved by Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport

Nissan to Launch Public Road Testing in Japan for starting sales in 2003

Tokyo -- Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., today announced that its X-TRAIL FCV, a high-pressure hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicle (FCV), has been approved by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. Public road testing will start immediately in Japan.

This development is in line with the  "Nissan Green Program 2005,"  a mid-term environmental action plan outlining the company's efforts in environmental protection, encompassing product and technology development, recycling strategy and many other initiatives.

The X-TRAIL FCV is a high-efficiency, hybrid fuel cell vehicle fitted with a compact, high-performance lithium-ion battery pack that has already been commercialized on Nissan's HYPERMINI electric vehicle and other alternative fuel vehicles. The power plant is a fuel cell developed by UTC Fuel Cells, a unit of United Technologies Corp.

Nissan plans to make further improvements to this base vehicle and will start limited marketing of FCVs in 2003, two years ahead of its original program.

<Major Specifications of X-TRAIL FCV>


Overall length/width/height   (mm)

4,465 x 1,765 x 1,790

Seating capacity


Top speed                            (km/h)

125 (speed reported to the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport)



Coaxial motor with integrated speed reduction gear

Max. power                            (kW)


Fuel cell stack

Fuel cell

Solid polymer electrolyte type


UTC Fuel Cells (UTCFC, USA)

Storage battery

Battery type

Lithium-ion battery

Fueling system

Fuel type

Compressed hydrogen gas

Max. charging pressure       (MPa)


Nissan's FCV development began in 1999, when the company initiated driving tests of a methanol reformer-equipped FCV, the R'NESSA FCV. Nissan subsequently launched a five-year joint R&D project with Renault in 2001 in which the two partners plan to invest 85 billion yen. Nissan is also taking part in the California Fuel Cell Partnership and has been conducting public road tests of the X-TERRA FCV since April 2001, using a base facility near Sacramento, California, in the United States.

Because of their outstanding efficiency and zero-emission performance, fuel cells are regarded as a promising mainstream power source for vehicles in the future. Issues that must be addressed to support their widespread use, include cost reductions and implementation of the necessary fuel supply infrastructure. Resolving these and other related issues will take some time.

As a participant in the Japan Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Demonstration Project (JHFC Project) under the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Nissan plans to accelerate its efforts to resolve these issues, anticipating the popularization of FCVs in the future.

Nissan will continue to develop innovative and creative technology for the future while introducing new products that are both friendly and protective of the environment, consistently striving for affordable and practical solutions.

Nissan believes that sound environmental policy and sound business go hand in hand.  The company welcomes the opportunity to consistently make a contribution toward enriching people's lives.